Remote patient monitoring (RPM) has enhanced clinicians’ ability to monitor and manage patients in nontraditional healthcare settings. RPM uses digital technologies to collect health data from individuals in one location, such as a patient’s home, and electronically transmit the information to healthcare providers in a different location for assessment and recommendations. More specifically, noninvasive technologies are now commonly being integrated into disease management strategies to provide additional patient information, with the goal of improving healthcare decision-making.
Digital technologies are continually being adopted as an additional method for healthcare systems to increase patient contact and augment the practice of preventive medicine.
Healthcare professionals have the ability to share health data with remotely based clinical experts for consultation, saving time and expense for practitioners and patients, and actively managing treatments for those with chronic conditions.
Health data are typically transmitted to healthcare professionals in facilities such as monitoring centers in primary care settings, hospitals and intensive care units, skilled nursing facilities, and centralized management programs, among others. Some noninvasive digital devices may be automated to capture and transmit health data without any action from the patient (i.e., biosensor or wearable devices); whereas, other technologies may require the patient to submit their own health data through a secure Web site, smartphone, or personal digital assistant (PDA).
Common clinical data captured by these technologies include vital signs, weight, blood pressure, oxygen levels, and heart rate.